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Insomnia and its associated factors: A cross-sectional study in rural adults of North India

Rashmi Kumari, Rajiv Kumar Gupta, Bhavna Langer, Parveen Singh, Najma Akhtar, Anuradha.

Abstract
Background: Insomnia is one of the common but most neglected issues which may have many serious long-term ill-health effects, thus affecting quality of life. Its incidence is showing an upward trend in ever-increasing present stressful life.

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of insomnia in rural adults and to find out various associated risk factors and comorbidities.

Materials and Methods: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 405 adults residing in rural area of Jammu. A 13-item self-reported insomnia symptom questionnaire was used to determine the prevalence of insomnia. Chi-square test was used to find out the association of various factors.

Results: The prevalence of insomnia was found to be 12.8%. Occupation, type of family, and socioeconomic status emerged to be significant determinants of insomnia. The presence of diabetes, chronic respiratory disorders, thyroid disorders, and any form of stress was significantly associated with higher prevalence of insomnia (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: Insomnia is a common sleep disorder which is many times missed by a primary care physician until/unless asked for. Health-care professionals should assess the sleep pattern of every patient and give adequate counseling or treatment for the same.

Key words: Insomnia; Prevalence; Insomnia Symptom Questionnaire


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