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Original Article

Med Arch. 2018; 72(3): 174-177


Seroprevalence of Toxocara Canis In Asthmatic Children and its Relation to the Severity of Diseases

Tooba Momen, Nafiseh Esmaeil, Mohsen Reisi.


Abstract

Background: Toxocariasis is a common parasitic infection worldwide even in developed countries. Through this health problem, the immune system is triggered and the antibody is produced, leading to some hypersensitive situations like asthma. In the present study, we tried to show a correlation between Toxocara Canis (T. canis) seropositivity and asthma in Isfahan city. Methods: This research is a cross-sectional study involving 40 asthmatics and 46 non-asthmatic cases aged 2-18 years. In all cases, T. canis IgG level was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and compared between two groups. Results: The seroprevalence of IgG anti-T. canis antibodies were 45%in the asthmatic patients and 21.7% in the controls (P= 0.022). The more severe asthmatic patients had significantly more risk for T. canis seropositivity (P= 0.019). In the asthmatic patients, there was a significant correlation between Toxocara seropositivity and going to park or playground (P= 0.001). Conclusion: In this study, we found a significantly positive serology of T. canis in asthmatic children especially in more severe disease. To verify the etiologic role of Toxocara in asthma, more advanced studies are needed.

Key words: Toxocariasis, Pediatric Asthma, seroprevalence.






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