Objective: to estimate the prevalence of bronchial asthma (BA) among children in Dekerness district, Egypt and to identify its risk factors in the community setting.
Population and Methods: this is a community-based cross-sectional descriptive study carried out in Dekerness District, Dakahlia governorate, Egypt. During a period of one year from, May 1, 2016 to April 30, 2017. The targeted population was children 2-17 years living in the study locality. A proportional multi-stage cluster sample was taken from both rural and urban areas. Data was collected by a Questionnaire completed through direct interview with the mother or caregiver and the child. Asthma was diagnosed according to ISAAC questionnaire.
Results This study included 1500 children with 13.4% overall prevalence of BA. Using logistic regression analysis the independent predictors of BA prevalence were age less than five years old, being a male, children with birth of three or more, passive smoking and positive family history of BA.
Conclusions BA is highly prevalent among children and adolescents in Dekerness district. This prevalence is higher than previous reports from school-based studies. There is a need for effective prevention and management programs.
Bronchial asthma, Prevalence, Socioeconomic state, Risk factors