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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2018; 9(10): 751-754


Susceptibility to Rubella among College Students

Vikas Yadav, Sunil Kumar, Renu Yadav.

Abstract
Introduction: Despite a safe and effective vaccine being available for more than two decades, in India, so far there has been no clear-cut policy regarding rubella immunization of children either at 15 months or young girls at child bearing age. Studies from India and abroad have found that 10-20% women in childbearing age are susceptible to rubella. Between 6-12% of babies born with congenital malformations or infections have serological evidence of rubella.
Methodology: Study was conducted in degree colleges (a health science college/medical college and a general stream). WHO rubella questionnaire was suitably modified. The questionnaire was then validated with pilot study in a group of subjects. A venous blood sample was drawn from each study subject and sent on the same day for ELISA for qualitative determination of IgG- class antibodies against rubella.
Result: Presence of over 16% susceptible college students to rubella suggests the possibility of transmission among non-immune individuals. Seropositivity to rubella antibodies was found to be higher amounts males, participants from urban area and participants belonging to high socio-economic status as compared to their counterparts.
Conclusion: There is a need for reviewing the necessity of rubella vaccination in National Immunisation Schedule.

Key words: Rubella, susceptiblity, vaccination



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