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Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis and its determinants in 30-60 years old women of Gurdaspur, Punjab

Rajvir Kaur, Abhik Ghosh, Amarjeet Singh.

Abstract
Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a major cause of enormous disability in both the developed and developing countries. The worldwide prevalence estimate for symptomatic OA is 9.6% among men and 18% among women.

Objectives: The present study was undertaken with the following objectives: To estimate the prevalence of the knee OA (KOA) and to ascertain the determinants of KOA among women of 30–60 years of age in Gurdaspur.

Materials and Methods: The community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 422 women of Gurdaspur, Punjab, India. The data were collected in November 2016–April 2017. A semi-structured interview schedule was used to collect the data. Data analysis was done using SPSS version 21 and Epi info version 7.2.

Results: The overall prevalence was found to be 21.6%. The prevalence of KOA was found high in 50–60 years of age group. The proportion of the cases was more in high socioeconomic class, body mass index (BMI) ≥25 category, and sedentary lifestyle group.

Conclusion: The prevalence was found to be increased with age and was also significantly associated with higher socioeconomic status, menopause, greater BMI, and sedentary lifestyle.

Key words: Knee Osteoarthritis; Prevalence, Women, Gurdaspur, Punjab



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