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Original Article

PAFMJ. 2018; 68(2): 400-403


RISK OF ACQUIRING CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN TRIBAL AREAS OF PAKISTAN

Shaista Nayyar, Asif Niaz, Muhammad Farooq, Ehsan Zafar.

Abstract
Objective: To assess the risk of acquiring cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) in tribal areas of Pakistan.
Study Design: A cross sectional observational study.
Place and duration of study: Combined Military Hospital, Okara, from Oct 2014 to Mar 2015.
Material and Methods: A total of 4500 persons between the ages of 22 to 50 years, who were moved from central
areas of Punjab to Waziristan on duty, were studied for the occurrence of CL. All cases was developed cutaneous
lesions and were confirmed as having CL were included in the study. During the same period, 4300 persons
living at Okara, who did not have any exposure to the Federally Administered Tribal Area in same age group,
were also observed and studied as control group.
Results: A total of 36 patients suffered from CL in the study population, while one case from the control group
developed the disease (p

Key words: Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Odds ratio, Risk factors, Waziristan.



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