Objective: To delineate pattern of peripheral vascular disease (PAD) (upper or lower limb vessels) among troops
and their families in the Armed Forces.
Study Design: Cross sectional descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology (AFIC) and National Institute of Heart
Diseases (NIHD) Rawalpindi and Combined Military Hospital (CMH) Rawalpindi over a 3 year period, from
Aug 2012 to Aug 2015.
Material and Methods: All serving and retired army personnel and their families were included in the
study. Method of sampling was non probability convenience sampling. The total number of patients was 156.
All referrals were from CMH vascular surgery department. All arteriograms were performed on Siemens
angiography equipment without facility of DSA (digital subtraction angiography). The lesions were placed in one
of the following categories: normal category in whom either the vessels were normal or minimally diseased
without any flow limitation, short and long segment stenoses, and short and long segment occlusions and
diffusely diseased vessels. The arteriogram of infra inguinal region was divided into femoropopliteal segment
and infra popliteal segment. SPSS version 14 was used to calculate the frequency and percentage of various
Results: The pattern of peripheral vascular disease was divided in the lower limb in infra inguinal region into
femoropopliteal disease and infra popliteal disease. The predominant pattern of disease in the femoro popliteal
segment was long segment occlusion and the disease pattern in the infra popliteal segment was diffuse disease of
the involved vessels. The predominant pattern of disease in upper limb was long segment blockage.
Conclusion: Peripheral vascular disease among soldiers and families show advanced disease pattern at
Femoropopliteal disease, Infrainguinal disease, Infrapopliteal disease, Peripheral vascular disease