Aim: Patient education is important for patients with predialysis chronic renal disease (CKD)because it can delay the progression of the disease to end-stage renal failure.Anxiety and depression may also contribute to the progression of the disease in patients with CKD. We evaluated the influences of education on progression ofCKD, the Short Form 36 Health Survey (SF36), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) in predialysis CKD patients.
Material and Methods: 121 patients with nondialysis stage 2-5 CKD were involved in this study. At the start of the study, the SF36 and BDI scoring were performed in all patients and their creatinine clearances were calculated. 31 patients were given education on CKD by the dialysis specialist nurse once a month. At the end of the sixth month, SF36 and BDI were rescored, and their creatinine clearances were recalculated.
Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding age, gender, creatinine clearance, and duration of chronic kidney disease. At the end of the sixth month, when the educated and uneducated patients were compared, while the increase of the creatinine level was significant in the two groups, the SF36 and BDI scores were found to be improved significantly in the study group.
Conclusion: The results of this study suggested that patient education may improve the SF36 and BDI scores, but it does not affect the progression of the disease for at least six months in duration.
Key words: Anxiety; CKD; Depression; Patient Education; Progression.