Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Original Article

Self-estimated effect of treatment with botulinum toxin in the upper extremity of children with Cerebral Palsy (CP)

Linda Linné, Kerstin Sommerstein, Anette Chemnitz, Helena Erixon, Lars B. Dahlin.


Objectives: National Swedish guidelines for treatment with botulinum toxin in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) include evaluation of self-estimated effects of treatment. We hypothesized that the treatment effect subsides after the first injection.
Methods: Children (or their parents), receiving their first botulinum toxin treatment of upper limb before the age of 20 years, filled in a questionnaire (visual analog scale; VAS) six weeks after each injection.
Results: Eighty-one out of 95 children or adolescents were evaluated (35% girls; 65% boys; 61% unilateral; 34% bilateral; 5% dyskinetic). Patients with unilateral CP were younger (median 8, range 1-19 years) than those with bilateral CP (12.5, 4-19 years; p

Key words: Botulinum toxin type A, cerebral palsy, children, self-estimated effect, upper extremity

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.