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Clinico-Pathological Studies and Management of Ruminal Lactacidosis in Crossbred Cattle

Sasikala Kaliappan, Vijayakumar Govindarajan, Sivaraman Subramaniam, Balasubramaniam Amirthalingam.

Abstract
Jersey cross bred and Holstein Friesian cross bred cattle were reported with the history of carbohydrate engorgement. On clinical examination animals showed anorexia, diarrhoea, regurgitation, tachypnoea, tachycardia and recumbency. There was no significant alteration in haemato-biochemical parameters. Rumen fluid examination revealed milky grey, watery, sour with reduced pH, increased methylene blue reduction time, increased titratable acidity and absence of protozoa. On endoscopy yellowish to brown coloured fluid could be visualized upon entering through relaxed lower oesophageal sphincter. The rumen fluid was lavaged to facilitate the visualization of reticulo-rumen. Greyish to light brown coloured necrosed ruminal epithelium could be visualized. Animals were administered with intravenous sodium bicarbonate, along with normal saline, thiamin and yeast along with rumen lavage and cud transplantation. Out of 110 animals with ruminal lactacidosis, 92.72 per cent of animals become normal following treatment and were discharged on 2nd or 3rd day of treatment.

Key words: Cattle, Low pH, Ruminal acidosis, Therapy



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