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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2018; 9(6): 430-433


Association between Stress and Hypertension among Adults More Than 30 Years: A Case-Control Study

Sandip Bhelkar, Sonal Deshpande, Sharad Mankar, Prabhakar Hiwarkar.


Abstract

Background: Stress has long been listed as a potential and important cause of hypertension. Acute stress can induce transient elevation of blood pressure. But it is unclear whether stress results in sustained elevation of blood pressure and hypertension.
Aims & Objectives: To study the association between hypertension and stress among hypertensive subjects aged above 30 years using perceived stress scale.
Material & Methods: Newly diagnosed hypertensive patients aged 30 and above with age and gender matched controls were selected. Sociodemographic variables, history of addiction and physical activity were recorded using predesigned proforma. BMI was calculated for assessing obesity. Stress was assessed using Perceived Stress Scale. Blood pressure was recorded as per JNC-VII criteria.
Results: High stress was significantly associated with hypertension. Overweight and obesity, and lack of adequate physical activity were found to be significantly associated with hypertension. These factors were analysed in logistic regression model. Stress was found to be an independent risk factor for hypertension.
Conclusion: High stress is significantly associated with hypertension and is an independent risk factor for hypertension.

Key words: Stress, Hypertension, Perceived Stress Scale






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