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Comparison of Case Based Learning and traditional Learning Style in Final Year Bachelor of Dental Surgery(BDS) Students in paediatric dentistry unit lesson

Anshula Neeraj Deshpande, Kishan Satishkumar Naik, Poonacha KS, Bhavna Harish Dave, Neelam Hasmukhbhai Joshi, Dimple Hiteshbhai Mehta.

Abstract
The challenge in present scenario for dental schools is how to improve the quality of dental education and training of qualified people. Case based learning (CBL) uses virtual 'trigger' cases to stimulate interest and generate the knowledge and skill needed in patient care and can bring improvement. In present study, sixty students from final BDS were included and distributed into 2 major groups (A & B) consisting of 30 students in each group. Group A was given didactic lecture and Group B was trained in the same topic through CBL. Pre and Post-test questionnaire was given to all 60 students before and after the training session. Intra and intergroup comparisons showed significant difference in both the groups. CBL method showed more improvement in students than observed in students taught through Didactic Method. CBL simulates the clinical environment and encourages students’ clinical thinking more effectively than conventional teaching.

Key words: Case-based learning, traditional learning style, final BDS students, questionnaire, pre-test and post-test, stainless steel crown, primary molars, improved knowledge



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