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A comparative study of psychosocial dysfunction between schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder patients on remission

Sushree Sangita Behura, Sarada Prasanna Swain.


Abstract

Background: Psychosocial function of an individual which includes one’s personal, social, and occupational spheres is affected by a person’s physical as well as psychological well-being. Persons suffering from mental illness always have some kind of psychosocial dysfunction, affecting the quality of life.

Objective: The objective of the study was to compare the level of psychosocial dysfunctions between remitted patients of schizophrenia and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and to assess the influence of disability burden between these two groups.

Materials and Methods: A total of 100 samples (50 patients of each group) fulfilling the inclusion criteria purposively selected from Mental Health Institute (COE), Cuttack, Odisha, and Neuropsychiatric Consultation Center, Cuttack, Odisha. Dysfunction analysis questionnaire was administered on each patient to find out the level of psychosocial dysfunctions in various spheres of day to day life. Data analysis was done by SPSS by using t-test to assess the level of significant difference between the two groups. Chi-square was used for sociodemographic variables.

Results: Statistical significant differences (P < 0.05) were found between these two groups in domains of psychosocial dysfunction (i.e., social, vocational, personal, familial, and cognitive). The result also showed increasing severity of disability in patients with schizophrenia than OCD.

Conclusion: For mental health professionals, it’s important that psychosocial functioning and disability should be properly evaluated and managed accordingly during dealing with these patients.

Key words: Psychosocial Dysfunction; Schizophrenia; Obsessive-compulsive disorder; Disability






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