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IJMDC. 2018; 2(3): 103-108

Migraine among Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Ghada Kamal Gouhar, Rajaa Eltoum Tamimm, Sarah Musallam Almahri, Aroob Laheg Almogati, Hajar Mohammad Alsaeed, Modhi Saleh Almuryidi, Rawan Ahmed Skair, Abdullah Awadh Almalki.


Background: Migraine is a unilateral headache which is accompanied by sensory symptoms. Migraine affects more than 10% of the general population being more common in females than males. It affects the performance of those who suffer from it. There are several factors that trigger a migraine, including stress, sleep, and certain dietary substances.
Methodology: This is a cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study of 523 female students. Participants who had two or more headaches in the last 3 months formed the headache group. Then two preliminary questions were asked to the headache group and participants with at least one affirmative response were asked to perform the validated ID-Migraine test.
Results: Two hundred and thirty-four out of 523 participants had suffered a migraine. The mean age of all participants was 20.97±1.64 years, while the mean age of migraine patients was 20.93±1.57 years. The prevalence of migraine was 44.74%. Lack of sleep was a triggering factor for migraine represented by 89.3%, followed by stress which represented 74.8%; the least common factor was excessive drinking of coffee (20.5%). Moderate pain was the most common degree among participants.
Conclusion: The prevalence of migraine was moderate and represented 44.74% of female students in Princess Nourah Bint Abdulrahman University, the lack of sleep and stress were the most common factors that triggered it.
Keywords: Migraine prevalence, migraine in females, MIDAS, migraine in KSA.

Key words: Migraine prevalence, Migraine in females, MIDAS, Migraine in KSA

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