RMJ. 2018; 43(4): 627-630
Knowledge attitude and practice about HBV, HCV and HIV in general population of Barakahu, Islamabad, PakistanShehla Farhin, Sadaf Jafar, Tamkeen Nishat Jaffry.
Objective: To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice in general people about HBV, HCV and HIV.
Methodology: This cross sectional study was conducted in the area of Barakahu, Islamabad, Pakistan and included 200 participants. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data, which was analyzed using SPSS version 20.
Results: Knowledge regarding different aspects for HCV and HBV for participants was 56.5-81.5%. Knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS its transmission and availability of vaccine was only 76.5%, 62.5% and 50.5%,respectively. Attitude was positive towards blood transfusions screening (76%), use of new syringes (73%), preference of dental check up (70%), use of new razor at barber shop (66.05%), sterilization of piercing instrument, transmission of HIV(64%), self-preference for HCV, HBV vaccination (74.5%) and strict precautions for HIV(75%).
Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude and practices of people regarding HCV, HBV an HIV/AIDS was good but in few aspects, it was poor. As people had basic understanding regarding these disease, still a gap exist between knowledge, attitude and practice, which can be filled with extensive health education campaigns, at hospital as well as in community settings for rational control and management of these disease.
HCV, HBV, HIV, AIDA, general population.