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Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2016; 4(1): 14-24

Prevalence and risk factors of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) in Primary Health Care Centers’ Attendants in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia

Mohammed A Al Mansour, Sawsan M Abdalla, Elsadig Y Mohamed, Waqas S Mahmoud, Mansour Kh Alzahrani, Khalid E Medani, Talal Sh Algamdi, Fahad M Alfhaid.


Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of established cardiovascular risk factors that collectively increase predisposition to major chronic diseases, including heart diseases and diabetes mellitus. Population of Saudi Arabia is at risk for MetS as a result of industrialization and change in life style. The objectives of the current study were to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Majmaah area, to estimate its risk factors and to determine the relation between metabolic syndrome and the social factors.

Methodology: The study was a cross-sectional and facility-based conducted in Majmaah city in Saudi Arabia. The sample size was calculated as 353. The data was collected by a pre-tested questionnaire. Weight, height and abdominal circumference were measured. Fasting blood samples were collected to ascertain fasting blood glucose and lipid profile. Components of full MetS as defined by the NCEP-ATP- III criteria were used for screening.

Results: The prevalence of MetS among adults attending Primary Health Care Centers in Majmaah was 44.5%. MetS was significantly higher in males than in females (61.2 vs. 38.8%; P =0.001). Prevalence of MetS showed an increase trend with age from 20 years to 59 years, and inversely with educational status (illiterates 27% and university graduates 14.6%). MetS was associated with occupation; the housewives showed the highest prevalence of the syndrome followed by the government employees (36.3% and 34.3% respectively).

Conclusions: Majmaah adult population has high prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic Syndrome is more prevalent among males, the low educated, the old age groups, the low income as well as among the employees and the housewives.

Key words: Metabolic Syndrome, Prevalence

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