Home|Journals|Articles by Year|Audio Abstracts

Original Article

J App Pharm Sci. 2018; 8(6): 132-138

Assessment of Antimicrobial Use Pattern Using World Health Organization Prescribing Indicators at a Tertiary Hospital: A Prospective, Observational study

Siavash Shahbazi Nia, Shobha Rani R. Hiremath, Shankar Prasad.


The use and misuse of antimicrobial agents need to be evaluated since misuse of antimicrobials may lead to increased adverse effects, resistance to antimicrobials, making illnesses more serious, and increasing expenses of health services. The aim of this study was to assess the pattern of antimicrobial prescriptions at a tertiary hospital. This prospective, observational study was conducted at a tertiary hospital after obtaining ethical committee clearance. On a daily basis, data was collected from inpatient case sheets. In addition, some data were obtained from the pharmacy department. According to World Health Organization guidelines, specified indicators were applied and the collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics parameters. During the study period, 900 patient case sheets were included in the study and it was seen that 255 patients were prescribed antimicrobial agents. It was found that antibiotics were the most common type of antimicrobials prescribed. The average duration of prescribed antimicrobial treatment for each subject was 5.65 days and the average cost of antimicrobials prescribed per patient was 9422 INR (140 USD). It was observed that only for 10.58% of patients who were prescribed with antimicrobial agents, culture sensitivity test was performed. The use of antimicrobials in our study site was found to be less than optimal. Hence, there is a need to promote rational use of antimicrobials, as their irrational use would lead to antimicrobial resistance.

Key words: antimicrobial drug resistance, drug evaluation studies, Drug Utilizations, antimicrobial agents.

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

ejPort - eJManager.com
Refer & Earn
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY), which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.