Cardiovascular disease (CVD) includes coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as angina and myocardial infarction (commonly known as a heart attack). The major risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) includes smoking, age, hypertension, and positive family history. As CAD is preventable, early detection of these risk factors is important to prevent the future complications of the disease. The objective of the current study was to assess the knowledge of risk factors and intervention of coronary heart disease among college students in Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: This is a descriptive study that was conducted among students of Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University (PSAU), Saudi Arabia using a systematically arranged questionnaire.
The present study found that the most common risk factors for CAD were smoking (12%), age (11%), obesity (11%), increased cholesterol (11%) and high blood pressure (11%). There were 2% of students who had knowledge that exercise prevents heart diseases, 10.1% reported that they had previous knowledge that angioplasty saves the lives of patients with heart attack and 8.8% had previous knowledge that patients with heart diseases had to take medications.
The present study found that knowledge among students of PSAU regarding CAD was inadequate.
Key words: Knowledge, CAD, risk factors, intervention