Background: Obesity is one of the biggest public health problems worldwide. It currently affects all age groups, including children and adolescents. Fat tissue accumulation impairs ventilatory function in adults and children.
Objective: The purpose of this study was to find out the efficacy of weight reduction on selected pulmonary functions in obese girls.
Methods and Material: Thirty obese girls were recruited for the study, their age ranged from 12 to15 years with mean value of 13.87 ±1.22 years. They were selected randomly from Dar El-Salam General Hospital based on the inclusion criteria. They performed Aerobic exercise program 3 times per week in addition to diet modification for 12 weeks.
Results: Our program of weight reduction lead to significant decrease in weight and BMI by 2.66% and 4.09% respectively (p< 0.001). Pulmonary functions test showed significant improvement of VC, FVC, FEF25%-75%, Best FVC and Best FEV1 by 53.68%, 41.37%, 205.34%, 113.25% and 101.71% respectively (p< 0.001). Conclusion: We concluded that studied ventilatory functions were improved for all girls in response to our weight reduction program.
Obesity, Weight reduction, pulmonary function tests, Children.