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A study of the prevalence of generalized obesity, abdominal obesity, regional adiposity, and metabolic syndrome among young adults

Swaraj Bandhu Kesh, Shipra Das, Shreya Pathak, Vivekanand Shatrughan Waghmare, Harshal Gajanan Mendhe.


Background: Overweight, obesity, and metabolic syndrome (MetS) are rapidly increasing in India.

Aims and Objectives: This study demonstrated the prevalence of generalized, abdominal obesity including intra-abdominal and subcutaneous adiposity along with other associated factors in young adults.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 subjects. The anthropometric parameters (body mass index [BMI], waist circumference [WC], and skinfold thickness), fasting blood glucose (FBG), and blood pressure were recorded. Percentage of body fat (BF), total abdominal fat (TAF), intra-abdominal adipose tissue (IAAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT), and basal metabolic rate (BMR) were measured by predictive equations. Data were analyzed using t-test, analysis of variance, and Pearson’s correlation tests. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: The prevalence of generalized obesity (GO) (by BMI [>25 kg/m2]) was 11%. The prevalence of abdominal obesity according to WC was 17 %, whereas that measured by TAF was 8%. Increased IAAT was more in females (26.02%) as compared to males (8%) with overall prevalence 16.5%. The overall prevalence of SCAT was 27%, more in males (41.56%) as compared to females (17.89%). The prevalence of impaired FBG was 19% (prediabetic), MetS 5.5%, hypertension according to systolic blood pressure 6%, and according to diastolic blood pressure 13%. The predictive BMR was significantly higher with obese subjects as compared to healthy members in both sexes (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: The prevalence of GO, abdominal obesity, regional adiposity, and MetS among young adults necessitates public health intervention.

Key words: Body Mass Index; Abdominal Obesity; Regional Adiposity; Metabolic Syndrome; Basal Metabolic Rate

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