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IJMDC. 2022; 6(1): 149-154

Psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the UCLA Loneliness Scale among Saudi female undergraduate students

Deemah Alateeq, Alhanouf Aljabri, Ghada Aldogiam, Haya Alajmi, Hussah Alsoqaih, Rawan Alfadhly, Raneem Alshahrani.


Background: The prevalence of loneliness among students indicates the need for its assessment by a valid and reliable tool. This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Arabic version of the short-form University of California Los Angeles Loneliness Scale (ULS-8) among Saudi undergraduate students.
Methods: A cross-sectional survey was distributed to the participants (n = 753) through their university emails to target female students in two universities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. They completed an Arabic translation of the eight items ULS-8 and the Arabic version of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9). Construct validity of the Arabic version of ULS-8 was evaluated by exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The convergent validity of the scale was assessed using PHQ-9. Reliability was assessed by Cronbach alpha.
Results: Construct validity showed that the ULS-7, which excluded item #3 from the ULS-8, had had a greater good-fit model. The score of ULS-7 had converged significantly and positively on the depression score (r = 0.679, p < 0.010). The overall Cronbach's an of the ULS-6 was 0.78.
Conclusion: The present study results indicate that the Arabic version of ULS-7 was an adequate concise measure of loneliness.

Key words: Loneliness, validity, reliability, UCLA loneliness scale, students

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