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Clinical and Haemato-Biochemical Changes in Cattle with Theileria orientalis Infection

N. Deva Devi, K. Raj Kumar, P. Vijayalakshmi, Venkatesa Perumal.


Abstract

The incidence of theileriosis in the present study was 24.21 per cent among the one hundred and ten animals registered in large animal medicine unit. Theileriosis was diagnosed based on the clinical signs (fever and enlarged lymph nodes), detection of parasites and polymerase chain reaction. From the present study the predominant clinical signs in theileriosis were enlarged lymphnode, pale mucous membrane, anorexia, tachycardia, dyspnoea, tick infestation and bruxism. Haematological alterations included macrocytic normochromic anemia, eosinophilia with thrombocytopenia. Serum biochemistry showed alteration in albumin: globulin ratio, hyperproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia with hyperglobulinemia in cattle with theleriosis.

Key words: Theileria orientalis, Cattle, Clinical signs, Haemato-biochemical






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