Home|Journals|Articles by Year Follow on Twitter| Subscribe to List

Directory for Medical Articles

Open Access

Original Research

Opportunistic screening for diabetes using Indian diabetes risk score among patients aged 30 years and above attending rural health training center in Delhi

Preeti Dugg, Vinu Cherian, Madhu Kumari Upadhyay.

Background: Diabetes prevalence has been rising more rapidly in middle- and low-income countries which is attributed to a combination of factors - unhealthy diets, rapid urbanization, tobacco use, sedentary lifestyles and increasing life expectancy.

Objectives: The objective of the study was to estimate the proportion of patients at risk of developing diabetes mellitus using IDRS and to identify various factors associated with the risk of developing diabetes mellitus.

Material and Methods: A facility based cross-sectional study was conducted in the rural health training center among 185 patients aged ≥30 years. Data was collected using a questionnaire containing sociodemographic details and Indian Diabetes Risk Score (IDRS) scale. Random Blood Glucose (RBS) of all the patients was also estimated. Data was analysed using MS Excel and SPSS 20.0 by doing frequencies, chi square test and multiple logistic regression.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 46.6 (±12.31) years with majority of females (133;71.9%), Hindu (174; 94%), illiterate (122;65.9%) and patients from upper lower socio-economic status (127;68.6%). Fifty-four (29.2%) participants had RBS levels of ≥140mg/dl. The prevalence of high risk, moderate risk and low risk of diabetes among participants was 49.2%, 46.5% and 4.3% respectively. The significant determinants found on univariate analysis were gender, occupation, blood pressure, BMI and RBS. However, after applying multiple logistic regression it was found out that blood pressure (95% CI=1.122-4.990, P =0.024) and BMI (95% CI= 1.471-6.711, P =0.003) were the main predictors of IDRS score.

Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of screening programs for early identification of high risk people where simple lifestyle interventions can help prevent or delay the onset of the disease.

Key words: Indian Diabetic Risk Score; Screening; Diabetes; Risk factors; Rural

Full-text options

Full-text Article

Share this Article

Readers of this article also read the following articles
»The Impact of Aerobic Exercise on Female Bone Health Indicators
»Bacterial co-infections in a captive Python bivittatus with septicemia
»Admission Rate of Patients with Most Common Psychiatric Disorders in Relation to Seasons and Climatic Factors During 2010/2011
»Idiopathic hyperhidrosis: Is response to parasympathetic function test altered?
»Retroperitoneal Lymph Node Mapping with Patent Blue Dye Injection: Is the Testicular Route Feasible?
»Weight ‘locus of control’ and weight management in an urban population.
»A Scientometric Study of General Internal Medicine Domain among Muslim Countries of Middle East (1991 – 2011)
»An analysis of cases presented to pediatric emergency department with acute abdominal pain
»Resource use Efficiency in Sweet Potato Production in Odeda Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria
»Sentinel Events in Healthcare
»Implementing Analytical Hierarchy Proses In The Nurse Selection

Applied Medical Research


BiblioMed Home
Follow ScopeMed on Twitter
Author Tools
eJPort Journal Hosting
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.
ScopeMed is a Database Service for Scientific Publications. Copyright © ScopeMed® Information Services.