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Study of Demographic Profile, Sign, Symptoms and Outcome of Corona Virus Disease 19 cases admitted to our hospital: Retrospective study

Harsha Makwana, Sanjay Bharatbhai Solanki, Binti Patel.




Abstract
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Background: In December 2019, a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) emerged in China, The Chinese authorities identified a new strain of coronavirus which was later named as 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in January 2020. The characteristic clinical observations and outcomes of this Coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) have been reported from affected countries. We have done the study of demographic profile, signs, symptoms and outcome of Coronavirus disease 19 cases admitted to our hospital.
Aims:
To study Coronavirus disease 19 cases were admitted to our hospital for Demographic profiles, Signs, Symptoms and Outcomes.
Methods:
We have done a retrospective observational study in 450 Coronavirus disease19 positive cases admitted to the ICU of our hospital. The data for a demographic profile, signs, symptoms and outcome from April 2020 to July 2020 was collected from the hospital information system and entered in Ms excel sheet and analysed.
Results: In our study, the mean age was 63.55 years and 64.66% of patients were male. The most common symptoms were breathlessness (90.66%), fever (81.33%) and cough (47.11%) followed by sore throat (10.22%), gastrointestinal symptoms (9.77%) and body ache (9.33%). The most common associated comorbidities were hypertension (51.77%) and diabetes mellites (44%) followed by ischemic heart disease (13.77%). 57.3% of cases could be discharged and 2.7% cases were transferred to other hospitals with a 40% mortality rate.
Conclusion:
Our study has a greater number of elderly male patients who presented with breathlessness, fever and cough as common symptoms. Elderly patients with comorbidities tend to have more severe symptoms and a higher mortality rate. When such patients come to the emergency room, the emergency physician should diagnose them without any delay and treatment started earliest to reduce morbidity and mortality. Also, the health care providers should very be cautious while attending to such patients to prevent themselves from getting infected.

Key words: Covid-19 cases, Demographic Profile, Signs, Symptoms, Outcome






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