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An explorative study to identify the factors influencing quality of life among elderly persons residing at selected settings of Puducherry

Arunachalam Dhakshinamoorthy D, Subash Chandrabose Gandhi G, Anandbabu Rangasamy R.


Background: The population incidence of elder people has been growing worldwide. Quality of life among elder people is a significant public health concern. Hence, this study was conducted to determine the factors influencing the quality of life of the elderly persons residing at the selected settings of Puducherry.

Objectives: The objective of this study is to identify the factors influencing quality of life among elderly persons at residing area at Puducherry.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in October-December 2017 in the residing area of Puducherry. This study investigates the factors affecting the quality of life of the elderly persons. The population used in this study was aged 65 years and over. More than 60 persons were sampled using a convenient sampling technique. A tool comprising 35 questionnaires, which were used to assess the quality of life, was used. Data were analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: In our present study, the factors significantly associated with quality of life including age, gender, level of education, economic status, residence, occupation, marital status, religion, type of family, monthly income, and dietary pattern were significantly associated with quality of life. The result showed that the elderly person’s monthly income and dietary pattern have the high impact on the quality of life, but age, occupation, and marital status (P < 0.05 significant; “P” age

Key words: Quality of Life; Influencing Factors; Elderly Persons; Descriptive Analysis

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