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Original Article

Prog Med Sci. 2017; 1(1): 19-23

Malnutrition and psychosocial dysfunction among the orphan and vulnerable children in Kaski district, Nepal

Dipendra Malla, Bishwas Acharya, Lil Bahadur Nepali, Anup KC, Nanda Lal Gupta, Hoshiar Singh Chauhan.

Introduction: Malnutrition and mental disorders are the emerging problems among the children and adolescents worldwide especially among the children and adolescents in developing countries like Nepal.
Objectives: To assess malnutrition and psycho social dysfunction among vulnerable and children as well as to determine the association between malnutrition and psycho social dysfunction among orphan and vulnerable children in Kaski district, Nepal.
Materials and Methods: The study carried out was cross sectional which was done among 302 children residing from 10 institutional care facilities in Kaski district, Nepal selected randomly using simple random sampling technique. Data collection was done in between January to February, 2015 by using anthropometric assessment and interview through use of pretested tools. Data was entered and analyzed using WHO anthroplus software v.1.0.4 and SPSS v. 20.
Results: The prevalence of malnutrition using percentile and z-score was found 12.3% and 10.3% respectively. Psycho social dysfunction was found 4.3% based on caregiver’s perspective and 3% on children’s own assessment. No association was found between malnutrition and psychosocial dysfunction among the orphan and vulnerable children.
Conclusion: More than one tenth of children were malnourished. Institutional care facilities should be concerned on lowering the malnutrition and promoting mental health through proper care support and recreational facilities.

Key words: Body Mass Index, Children, Malnutrition, Psychosocial dysfunction

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