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Case Report

Pak J Nucl Med. 2016; 6(1): 63-68


Functional ectopic cystic parathyroid adenomas: case reports and literature review

Nigora Rasulova, Qaisar Hussain Siraj, Amir Javaid, Anwar Al-Banna.

Abstract
Parathyroid adenomas are the commonest cause of primary hyperparathyroidism. About 10 percent of the parathyroid adenomas are ectopic in location. Cystic degeneration in parathyroid adenomas is seen in 4% of the cases and represents 1-2% of the cases with primary hyperparathyroidism. Hence, the combination of parathyroid cysts, which are both ectopic and functional is extremely rare. Functional parathyroid cysts can be either silent or associated with a wide range of clinical symptoms. We present two cases of functional mediastinal parathyroid cysts, one with and the other without clinical manifestations.






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The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.