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NNJ. 2013; 1(3): 39-42
doi: 2013




Amniotic band syndrome is a congenital disorder caused by entrapment of fetal parts (usually a limb or digits) in fibrous amniotic bands while in utero. Amniotic constriction bands are strands of fluid-filled sacs that surround a baby in the womb. They are caused by a tearing of the inner part of the placenta called the amnion, which produces the fiber-like bands that may trap the baby’s extremities such as the arms, legs, fingers or toes. As the baby grows, the bands constrict or tighten, they cause a reduction in blood supply and they may develop abnormally or become amputated. In more serious cases, the band may cause an abnormal gap in the face, called a cleft, or cause a defect in the abdomen or chest wall. The most severe cases occur if the band becomes wrapped around the head or umbilical cord, which can result in fetal death.

Key words: amniotic band, Amniotic band syndrome, amniotic band sequence, amniotic disruption complex, annular grooves, congenital amputation,

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