Etiological investigations showed that vibrio is a Gram-negative, comma-shaped and facultative anaerobic bacterium, which is naturally found in marine environment. Vibrio causes many human diseases and often comes with foodborn gastroenteritis or diarrhea. Most of these foodborne infections are caused by V. Cholerae and V. parahaemolyticus and to a lesser extent create by V. vulnificus. Infection with these species is mostly due to the consumption of raw, improperly handled, under-processed and contaminated seafood like fish, shellfish and oyster. One of the biggest threats to public health is antibiotic resistance, such as resistance of vibrio species to a large number of antibiotics. This review focused on antibacterial activity of the worlds medicinal plants against vibrio species. Published articles were obtained from scientific databases including PubMed, Google scholar, Springer, Science Direct and scientific information database (SID) using following key words: vibrio, medicinal plant, essential oil and extract. Results of this literature have introduced some of the most important plants effective on vibrio spp.,such as Thymus vulgaris (Thyme), Syzygiumaromaticum (Clove), Zatariamultiflora (Avishan shirazi), Zingiberofficinale (Ginger), Punicagranatum (Pomegranate), Saturejabachtiarica Bunge (Bakhtiari Savory(, Menthaspicata (Spearmint), Cuminumcyminum (Cumin), Eucalyptus globulus (Blue gum), Camellia sinensis (Green tea), Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) and Allium sativum (Garlic). Hence, phyto-therapy could be a suitable way to overcome the problem of development of the bacterial resistance to antibiotics.
Key words: Medicinal plant, Essential oil, Extract, Vibrio spp., Antibacterial effect