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RMJ. 2017; 42(4): 452-454


Laparoscopic cholecystectomy - variations in techniques, new concepts and advancements in 30 years

Syed Aslam Shah, Sidra Shabbir.

Abstract
Cholelithiasis is a common problem, and open cholecystectomy (OC) is one of the commonest surgical procedures performed since 1882. It was just three decades ago when Philippe Mouret, a French gynecologist performed the first laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). After initial resistance even in United States, it was adopted worldwide.1 Laparoscopic surgery was described as minimal access surgery (MAS) or minimally invasive surgery (MIS). LC beyond doubt proved to be less painful, more acceptable to the patient because of minimal scar, faster post operative recovery, shorter hospital stay and early return to work specially in unmarried females below 40 years of age. Simultaneously, the proponents of OC popularized mini cholecystectomy with a subcostal incision

Key words: LAparoscopic cholecystectomy, minimally invasive surgery, cholelithiasis



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