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Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 14-20

The effect of qat chewing and other factors on breast-feeding and child survival in a Yemeni society.

Mohammed Ibrahim Ali Omer; Mohammed Al Mansoub; Rahab Omer; Rasha Omer; Muna Shadli; Rachael Williams.

In a survey conducted in Dammar, Republic of Yemen, 755 mothers were interviewed to investigate the patterns and factors affecting childhood feeding practices. It was found that full breast-feeding rate (41.8%) and timely introduction of complementary feeding rate (57.4%) were low, bottle-feeding rate (25.1%) was high and timely first suckling rate was zero. It was also found that the more educated and older mothers tended to wean their children earlier than illiterate and younger mothers. A significant association between regular frequent qat chewing and history of child death was observed. The implications of these findings were discussed.

Key words: Bottle-feeding; Breast feeding; Childhood mortality; Complementary feeding; Qat chewing; Yemen

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