Home|Journals|Articles by Year

Directory for Medical Articles


Sudan J Paed. 2011; 11(2): 25-31

Characteristics associated with severe pneumonia in under-five children admitted to emergency units of two teaching hospitals in Khartoum, Sudan.

Karim Eldin M A Salih; Ali Salih; El Fatih Z E El Samani; Kamal Eldin Hussien; Salah A Ibrahim.


Pneumonia, defined as infection of lung parenchyma, is associated with severe complications especially in the very young and old patients. It is the world's leading cause of childhood mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) classification and guidelines are commonly used in Sudan in the diagnosis and management of pneumonia patients. A group of 224 patients at Gaafar Ibn Oaf Children's Hospital and Omdurman Children's Hospital were assessed and managed for severe presentation of pneumonia. The data collected showed that most of the patients were of low socioeconomic class families. The vast majority (99%) of patients had chronic exposure to tobacco smoke at home. Female patients (52.7%) were more than males, with 42% of the presenting patients in the less than 12 months age group. Pneumonia is a dangerous childhood menace that is associated with severe presentations. Public health community outreach programs should be put in place to raise awareness. The case fatality rate during the study period was 4%.

Key words: Severe pneumonia; Sudan; Under-five children

Full-text options

Share this Article

Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com

Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.