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Ekonomik Yaklasim. 2022; 33(122): 45-65

Internal Migration Waves between Provinces in Turkey: A Panel Data Analysis



The aim of this study is to determine the socio-economic factors of internal migration in Turkey and estimate their effects by using the provincial level data of TurkStat (Turkish Statistical Office) and a panel data analysis. Fixed effects estimation results indicate a negative relationship between provincial income and outflows. A 1 percent increase in province-level per capita income reduces the outflow by 40 percent. On the other hand, there is no statistically significant relationship between the provincial income on inflows. The findings suggest that income decreases are push-factors, but income increases are not pull-factors in migration. While an increase in the population of a province increases the immigration outflows from the province, it decreases the immigration inflow to the province. As the young population and high school graduate population increase, both outflows and inflows increase. On the other hand, as the number of university graduates in a province increases, outflows from the province decrease, and inflows into it increase.

Key words: Internal migration, Education, Population, Province-level per capita income, puss and pull factors in migration. JEL codes: O15, R23, C23

Article Language: Turkish English

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