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Original Article

IJMDC. 2019; 3(7): 601-603

Ischemic stroke: prevalence of modifiable risk factors in the Saudi population

Muhannad Noor Alharbi, Atheer Khalid Alharbi, Mousa Atqan Alamri, Abdulmalik Ayedh Saad Alharthi, Abdulrahman Moneer Alqerafi, Mohamed Noor Alharbi.


Stroke is one of the most common causes of hospital admittance and known to be the second leading cause of death globally. Studies showed that around 87% of strokes are classified as ischemic. An ischemic stroke occurs when a clot or a mass blocks a blood vessel, cutting off blood flow to a part of the brain. Stroke risks assessment in a population not only aids healthcare givers but also significantly plays a role in selecting a proper treatment for people with elevated risk in clinical trials. The current study was aimed to recognize the frequency of modifiable risk factors linked to ischemic stroke patients in Madinah city, Saudi Arabia
Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out including patients of both sexes within the age of (>25years). Type of stroke was identified by brain computed tomography (CT) scans or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and risk factors for stroke, and other details were noted on a questionnaire
Results: Out of 200 people considered for the present study, 100 of them were stroke patients in which 75% were males, and 25% were females. All live in Madinah city, and almost 30% were having a family history of stroke. Most of the patients had multiple risk factors which included: hypertension (64%), diabetes mellitus (59%), smoking (29%), dyslipidemia (70%), obesity (75%) and coronary artery disease (10%).
Conclusion: Hypertension, dyslipidemia, obesity and diabetes mellitus are major risk factors for stroke and might be considered as critical factors for primary and secondary prevention of stroke.

Key words: Ischemic stroke, prevalence, modifiable risk factors

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