Investigating the impacts of various solvents fractions of Bupleurum lancifolium on the antimicrobial and antioxidant potentials
Nidal Jaradat, Motasem Al-Masri, Fuad Al-Rimawi, Abdel Naser Zaid, Malik Mohammad Saboba, Fatima Hussein, Amanda Aker, Dalal Qasem, Saja Hejazi.
Introduction: In the last thirty years, interests in searching for plants with potential antimicrobial and antioxidant activities have been increased due to their probable health benefits. This study aimed to investigate the antimicrobial and antioxidant effects of various solvents fractions of Bupleurum lancifolium.
Methods: The antioxidant activities of four fractions of Bupleurum lancifolium were assessed by 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH ) scavenging assay, while the antimicrobial activity was assessed by broth microdilution method. The antimicrobial activity of four plant fractions was examined against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Shigella sonnie and Enterococcus faecium American Type Culture Collection reference strains.
Results: The fractionation extraction method succeeds in the assessment of the antibacterial and antioxidant activity of B. lancifolium plant. Hence the methanolic fraction has antioxidant potential with 33.03% of inhibition according to the Trolox antioxidant standard molecule, while n-hexane and methanol fractions showed powerful antibacterial activity against E. faecium and S. sonnie strains with Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC )1.5625 mg/ml for both fractions.
Conclusion: All plant fractions have potent antioxidant and antibacterial activities. Further investigations, i.e. isolation, identification, and clinical assessment, of the active compound(s) are needed for the possible formulation of new therapeutic alternatives.
Key words: Bupleurum lancifolium; Antibacterial; Antioxidant; Palestine