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Anemia as a comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - A hospital-based study in East Sikkim

Rubi Dey, Bidita Khandelwal, Jha D K.


Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic airway obstruction due to chronic inflammation. This entity is one of the major causes of premature mortality and morbidity in adults. Anemia is known to be a comorbidity in COPD as in many other chronic diseases.

Aims and Objectives: The present study is a retrospective hospital-based study aimed to determine the prevalence of anemia in the study population of the state of East Sikkim.

Materials and Methods: In this hospital-based retrospective study, 533 clinically diagnosed COPD patients were studied from the teaching hospital under Sikkim Manipal Institute of Medical Sciences, Gangtok, Sikkim. 207 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were analyzed. Anemia was defined as per the WHO criteria as hemoglobin (Hb)

Key words: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Anemia; Hemoglobin; Hematocrit

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