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Study of Production Traits and Housing Practices in Vogue among Buffalo Farmers in Temperate Himalayan Region of Kashmir Valley

Parwaiz Ahmad Dar, Azmat Alam Khan, Anees Ahmad Shah, Ishfaq Qadri, Hilal Musadiq Khan.

Abstract
The study was conducted in Kashmir valley in two geographically isolated districts of Anantnag in south Kashmir and Baramulla in north Kashmir. In each district 200 buffalo rearing farmers were selected. The information was collected through personal visit on the basis of a pre-formulated and tested questionnaire. The overall means daily milk yield, peak milk yield, lactation length, lactation milk yield, service period and calving interval were 3.940.07 kg, 6.960.11 kg, 9.530.09 months, 1128.7928.30 kg, 13.520.13 months and 23.370.20 months respectively. The maximum proportion (61.50%) of the farmers were having kaccha type animal house followed by pucca type (37.25%) and tin shed (1.25%) with no proper orientation of animal house was found in majority of respondents (60.50%) followed by north south (21.25%) and east west orientation (18.25). Majority (84.00%) of the respondents were having semi-intensive rearing system. Majority (99.50%) of the respondents were seen, having kaccha floor, tin as roof material (92.25%) and leveled floor (98.25%) in the animal houses. Considerable (52.50%) proportion of respondents were having double slopped roof of their animal houses followed by single slopped roof (47.50%). Almost 98.75 percent farmers were not using protection during inclement weather conditions and only 1.25 percent of respondents were using bedding and gunny bag during inclement weather.

Key words: Buffalo, Production Traits, Housing, Kashmir Valley



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