Home|Journals|Articles by Year

Directory for Medical Articles
 

Original Article

AJVS. 2017; 55(1): 169-179


Impact of Dietary Thyme (Thymus Vulgaris) on Broiler Chickens Concerning Immunity, Antioxidant Status, and Performance

Doaa M. Abdel-Ghaney, Ali H. El-Far, Kadry M. Sadek, Yasser S. El-Sayed, Mervat A. Abdel-Latif.


Abstract

The current study aimed to determine the immune and antioxidant status, and performance of broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with thyme (Thymus vulgaris) leaves powder, as an alternative growth promoter. Therefore, a total of 120 one-day-old Cobb chicks were fed for 35 days with four experimental diets containing thyme powder (0, 5, 10 and 15 g/kg: these were designated groups Control, Thyme I, Thyme II and Thyme III, respectively). The GC-MS analysis of n-hexane extract of thyme showed the presence of isocaryophyllene (33.73%) as a major active ingredient with other antioxidant ingredients. Serum total protein and globulin content was significantly increased in thyme-supplemented chicks at the 3rd week and significantly increased in Thyme I and III at the 5th week. Serum albumin and creatinine content and ALT activities were non-significantly increased in the thyme-supplemented chicks at the 3rd and 5th weeks. Moreover, serum total cholesterol and triacylglycerol levels were significantly decreased in the thyme groups at the 3rd and 5th weeks. Dietary thyme supplementation for broiler was significantly improved serum IgG, IgM, INF-γ, and IL-10 levels, and muscle glutathione, superoxide dismutase, and glutathione S-transferase activities with significantly reduced malondialdehyde levels. Regarding to growth performance, thyme 0.5% was non-significantly improved the final body weight, body weight gain, feed conversion ratio, and protein efficiency ratio of broiler chicks. So, these data indicated that incorporation of thyme into the broiler’s diet was improved the immune status and antioxidant activities in broilers. Also, production of broilers meat with low levels of lipid peroxidation products.

Key words: Broilers, Immunity, Antioxidant, Performance, Thyme






Full-text options


Share this Article



Online Article Submission
• ejmanager.com







eJManager.com
Review(er)s Central
About BiblioMed
License Information
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Contact Us

The articles in Bibliomed are open access articles licensed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/) which permits unrestricted, non-commercial use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the work is properly cited.