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Prevalence and Pathology of Gastrointestinal Parasite Infection in Bovine Calves in Jabalpur

Archana Bharti, Madhu Swamy, Amita Dubey.

Abstract
Study was conducted to determine the prevalence of naturally occurring enteric parasites in calves of Jabalpur region and the pathological effects produced by them contributing to calf mortality. Examination of faeces collected from diarrhoeic as well as non diarrhoeic calves revealed the presence of Eimeria, Strongyles, Toxocara, Strongyloides, Trichuris, Moniezia, Amphistome and Fasciola spp. eggs. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal parasitic infection was determined to be 84.52 per cent (142/168). A significant association was found between presence of entero parasite infection and diarrhoea in calves. Coagulative necrosis in liver, gland destruction in abomasums and desquamated intestinal epithelium were the predominant microscopic changes noticed in present study.

Key words: Bovine, Calf, Gastrointestinal, Parasite.



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