Objective: The study was conducted to determine the reliability and validity of Course Interest Survey tool to
measure motivation of MBBS students in Pakistan.
Study Design: Quantitative cross-sectional study.
th Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at Women Medical College Abbottabad, from 17
th October 2014 to 30 August 2015.
Materials and Methods: Simple random sampling by lottery method was used to collect data from three
hundred students. Each student from all five years of MBBS was assigned a numerical number. The numbers
were written on a piece of paper and placed in a box and mixed. A researcher blinded to the procedure
randomly selected the required number of students. Course interest survey form was distributed to the
randomly selected students at the end of term and data was collected. Ethical approval of the study was
received. Reliability was determined by Cronbach's alpha, and validity of the tool was determined by factor
analysis on IBM SPSS software version 22.
Results: All the students were females between the ages of eighteen and twenty-four years. The participants
had diverse cultural background. The Cronbach's alpha for the CIS scale and its subscales Attention, Relevance,
Confidence and Satisfaction were α=0.86, 0.75, 0.75, 0.24 and 0.69 respectively. The overall Kaiser-Meyer-
Olkin was 0.88. Factor Analysis with varimax rotation revealed four components explaining 51% of the total
Conclusion: Course interest Survey is a reliable and a valid tool to measure motivation of MBBS students in a
private medical college of Pakistan. Results of Women Medical College cannot be generalized to all the medical
Key words: ARCS Model, Course Interest, Medical Students and Motivation, Motivation, Valid Motivational Tool and Medical Students.