Cerebral palsy is a problem of movement and posture and caused by lesion in immature brain. Normal brain has normal influences on lower centers and normal development in movements and postures. There are different sensory motor approaches like Bobath, Brunnstorm, Rood and PNF (Properioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitations) in recovery of motor function in patients with upper motor neuron lesions. The backgrounds of these treatments can be explained by different theories like neurodevelopmental theory, reflex theory, hierarchical theory and system approach. Repetitions of normal movements generate the new areas in the brain to control the activities. Integration of reflex activity should be essential part of rehabilitation and physical development of children with cerebral palsy.
cerebral palsy, motor control, reflexes, movement, neurodevelopmental, hierarchical, system theory
Article Language: Turkish English