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Original Research

Occupational health hazards among yarn dyeing workers of Santipur and Phulia in the Nadia district of West Bengal

Gourab Biswas, Arkajit Bhattacharya, Rina Bhattacharya.


Background: The handloom sector is one of the important sectors which carries cultural heritage and give socioeconomic stability of the villages.

Objective: The aim of the study is to identify the occupational risk factors of the workers present in the textile yarn dyeing units of Nadia district, West Bengal, India.

Materials and Methods: A total of 167 male workers from 24 cottage based industry are randomly selected for the present study. Physical and physiological parameters along with personal details of the subjects are collected. 399 postures of 40 main tasks of dyeing process are analyzed by Ovako working posture analysis system along with other environmental parameters. Statistical analysis is used to evaluate mean value, standard deviation, odds ratio, 95% confidence interval, and level of significance for the link of work-related musculoskeletal disorders with different variables.

Result: It is observed that accident rates are high among very small scale units’ workers in comparison with small-scale units’ workers. The workers maintain different awkward postures during their prolonged working hours without a proper work-rest cycle. Due to high workplace temperature and humidity, low illumination level and wrong body postures more than 85% workers feeling very tired or fatigue after the work.

Conclusion: Awareness about the risk factors of the working environment can minimize the occupational health hazards of yearn dyeing workers.

Key words: Yarn Dyeing; Socioeconomic Stability; Posture; Occupational Health; Ovako Working Posture Analysis System

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