Tooth loss is one of the most common conditions that is treated by a dentist. With the advent of time, there has been an increase in the practice of fixed Prosthesis as well. There are various approaches towards tooth preparation as well, such as vital and non vital preparation. It plays an important vital role to understand the decision process to avoid the dilemma as to which technique to follow and which one gives a better success and survival rate. Hence,the aim of the present study is to evaluate the frequency of vital versus non vital tooth preparation for fixed partial denture. A retrospective study was conducted among patients who underwent fixed dental prosthesis and reported to private dental hospitals between the age of 18 - 80 years of age. Data was obtained by reviewing the 86,000 patients records between June 2019 to March 2020 were included in the study and A total of 791 patients who had undergone tooth preparation for replacement of missing teeth with fixed dental prosthesis were included in the study. The collected data was statistically analyzed using SPSS by IBM version 20. Majority of tooth preparations were performed on vital teeth (77.2%). Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that the most common type of tooth preparation was vital tooth preparation for fixed partial denture. Among all the age groups the most commonly performed tooth preparation was vital tooth preparation. There was no difference in the frequency of vital and non vital tooth preparation based on gender.
Key words: Fixed partial denture; Pulp; Tooth preparation; Vitality