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Physical Characteristics and Morphometric Traits of Buffaloes Reared in Kashmir Valley

Parwaiz Ahmad Dar, Azmat Alam Khan, Anees Ahmad Shah, Tasaduk Wani, Ashiq Manzoor.

Abstract
Present study was undertaken to record the physical characteristics, morphometric traits and production traits of buffaloes in Kashmir Valley. Two geographically isolated districts with highest buffalo population viz, Anantnag in South Kashmir and Baramulla in North Kashmir were chosen. Physical characteristics, morphometric and production traits were recorded from randomly selected 150 animals each from the two districts using random sampling technique and recorded in a pre-structured questionare. Black coat colour (66.68%), black colour of muzzle (77.77%), black colour of eyelid (72.96%) black colour of hooves (71.12%) curved horns (84.07%) oriented backward and upward in 35.56% and backward, upward and forward in 28.16%. Considerable number of animals (52.22%) were having straight forehead followed by convex (46.67%) and dewlap was absent all animals. All the animals were having horizontal orientation of ear. The navel flap was absent (82.22%). 72.89 percent animals had bowl type udder, of small size (75.24%), cylindrical shape of teat (85.04%) with pointed tip of teat (65.88%). The overall mean body length, chest girth, height at withers, ear length, horn size recorded were 51.700.23, 76.000.33, 52.220.36, 9.160.08, 13.190.23 inches respectively.

Key words: Buffalo, Morphometric Traits, Physical Characteristics, Colour



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