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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2018; 9(1): 37-41

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Universal Precautions: A Comparative Study between Urban and Rural Health Care Settings

Jaydeep J Devaliya, Talsania J Niti, Chawada Bansari.

Introduction: Universal precaution is neglected issue in terms of the spread of infection to patients; even in the urban health care settings. So the possibility of Health Care Associated Infection (HCAI) increases which leads to high morbidity and mortality.
Methodology: This is a cross sectional study conducted in urban and rural health care settings of Ahmedabad district to assess the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Health care workers (HCWs). In the present study 300 HCWs including Doctors, Nurses, Technicians and Servants were interviewed.
Results: Out of 300 HCWs; 80% were aware of various hand washing methods in urban health care settings. The practice of gloves usage was noted in 100% HCWs but correct practice of wearing and removing Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) was found only in 30% Doctors and 7% of Nurses.
Conclusion: Constant reinforcement of knowledge should be done and regular training should be given to change the behavior regarding Universal Precautions.

Key words: Universal Precautions, Urban Heath care Setting, Rural Health care setting, Health Care Associated Infection

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