The study assessed the level of adoption and impact of improved groundnut seed varieties among groundnut farmers in Albasu Local Government Area of Kano State, Nigeria. A multistage simple random sampling was used to select the respondents across local government area, wards and villages to give 120 respondents. Data were collection with structured questionnaire and analyzed with simple descriptive statistics, Z-test and logit regression analysis. Results showed that for both adopters and non-adopters, majority had mean ages of 44 and 41 years, mean household sizes of 7 and 6 people, had no formal education (21 and 46%), mean farm sizes of 2.2 and 1.4 ha, mean farming experience of 17 and16 years, no extension contact 21 and 64%, and low membership of cooperative 33 and 8%. There was low adoption (27%) of the improved seed varieties which impacted positively on the adopters (Z-value= 3.727, p
Adoption, groundnut seeds, groundnut farmers, Kano State.