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Original Article

Natl J Community Med. 2017; 8(8): 496-500

Assessing Burden of Under-Nutrition among Underfive Children of Urban Slum by Using Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure in Ahmedabad City, Gujarat, India\

Swarna Rastogi, Chaitanya Maheshwari, Santosh Kr Raghav, M K Lala.

"Introduction: Reduction in child malnutrition is another MDG re-lated to an improvement in child welfare. National data on un-derweight provided under NFHS-4 (National Family Health Survey) (2015-16) revealed underweight prevalence rate around 35.8%.
Objectives: To assess prevalence of under nutrition by composite index of anthropometric failure (CIAF) among under-five children of urban slums, Ahmedabad, Gujarat.
Methods and Materials: It was a Cross-sectional study done among 121 under-fives at anganwadisof B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad using simple random sampling. Their nutritional status was expressed in Z score for WAZ, [H (L) AZ], and [WH (L) Z] as per WHO international growth standards 2006.
Result: Among 121 under-fives, the prevalence of underweight was 50%, whereas CIAF was 73.4%. Composite anthropometric index provides the actual prevalence or proportion of undernourished children in a community. So the policies should be based on the basis of Composite Index of Anthropometric Failure so to reduce the prevalence of under-nutrition in the community more effectively.
Conclusion: Since CIAF is more than estimated by any of the three conventional indicators, it proves to be a better indicator in assessing the overall burden of under-nutrition in a population."

Key words: under-nutrition, CIAF, under-five’s, slum, India

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