Gingival Health Status in Children with And Without Cleft Palate: A Case Control StudyP. Kuzhalvaimozhi, Vignesh Ravindran, Subhashini.V.C.
Orofacial cleft malformations requires multidisciplinary care. Maintenance of oral hygiene for such individuals is a difficult task for the patients because of oroantral communication. Hence, a study was conducted to analyse the periodontal health status of children with cleft palate. Retrospective data collected from 89,000 case records from June 2019 to March 2020 were taken for the study. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the present study consisted of 58 children divided into two groups: children with cleft palate and children without cleft palate. In both groups, Oral Hygiene - Simplified Index and Plaque Index were recorded and tabulated. The data was subjected to Mann-Whitney test using SPSS software. There was no difference in the gingival health status of children with cleft palate and children without cleft palate. This was not statistically significant. In this study, gingival health status in children without cleft palate was similar to children with cleft palate.
Key words: Cleft palate, Oral hygiene, Periodontal health.