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J. Islam. Int. Med. Coll.. 2017; 12(4): 213-219

SSocio-Economic and Demographics Estimate of Child Mortality Rates from 1989 to 2013: A Review of Literature

Saima Raheem Baig, Shuja Ur Rehaman.


Objective: Child health in Pakistan is the greatest significant national issue that needs to take serious attention.
rd Pakistan ranks is 23 in global under-five mortality. In terms of development, the country is ranked at 125 out
of 169 countries. This study aims to highlight the matter of under-five mortality and related government
Materials and Methods: This is a review, to assess child mortality trends in Pakistan. We analyzed results from
surveys, reports, journals that were related to child survival and death. We have selected data from 1989 to
2013 and recent researches from different data bases and gray literature like demographic, health and socioeconomic
surveys. We analyzed socio-economic and health indicators to assess the current situation.
Results: It was found that under-five mortality in Pakistan is 117 per thousand live births in 1990-91. Mortality
rate decreased to 94 per thousand live births in 2007 demographic health survey. In 2012-13, this rate declined
to 89 per thousand live births. At the provincial level, we found the highest child mortality in Punjab where
under-five child mortality rate was 133 and 105 in 1991 and 2013 respectively.
Conclusion: We want to lessen child Mortality through given human services offices and their uses, instruction,
mindfulness projects and neediness eradication. Although Pakistan could not achieve the millennium
development goals for child mortality, sustainable development goals provide another opportunity to urgently
work towards reducing child mortality at the national level.

Key words: Indicator, Maternal Health, Mortality, Socio-Economic.

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