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Seroprevalence of Brucellosis in Buffaloes by Indirect Enzyme Linked Immune-sorbent Assay in Punjab, India

Malik Raies ul Islam, Gursimran Filia, Mohinder Pratap Gupta.

Abstract
The present cross-sectional study was conducted to study the current status and epidemiology of brucellosis in organized Murrah buffaloes. A total of 628 animals were screened for antibodies against brucellosis using Enzyme Linked Immuno-sorbet assay. An overall seroprevalence of 15.12% (95/628) of brucellosis was observed in the present study. Statistically significant (p < 0.01) differences in susceptibility to brucellosis were observed with respect to sex (male 4%, 1/25 and female 15.58%, 94/603) and age. Significantly (p < 0.05) higher disease prevalence was observed in animals with a history of abortion than in those without such histories. A higher prevalence of brucellosis was recorded in the present study, which poses serious public and animal health threat. Therefore, a monitoring system needs to be in place to study the disease dynamics, so that the prevalence of the disease is brought down to an economically and biologically justifiable level.

Key words: Brucellosis, Sero-prevalence, Buffaloes



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